Introduction: In the North-East of Hapoli 10 Km away (Hapoli is the District HQ of Lower Subansiri District) Area:- 337 Sq.Km lies roughly in between the subansiri, Sipu and Pange rivers surrounded by densely forested mountains ranging for 2,000 to 4,000 mtr. altitude. It is a part of Tale RF (515.875 Sq.Km) notified during 1976 vides No.FOR.101/71 dt.15.05.76. Tale WLS (337 Sq.Km) notified vide No.CWL/D/58/88/Pt/2993-3092 dtd.14.06.95.
Significance: Undisturbed pristine climax vegetation, the home of the rare, elusive and graceful clouded leopard. All the four-cat families are present. The breath-taking scenario of the pristine and primeval mountain wilderness is really unique of this Protected Area. North:- Confluence of Pamluk Nallah and Pange river on to the Pam Nallah then downstream meeting. East:- Along the Sipu river passing through the bed of Sika Nallah. South:- Upstream of the Sipu river on to the confluence of Tale Nallah and Sipu Nallah following the unnamed ridge. West:- Source point of the Pange river on to the Nabuk Nallah following the north-east straight line. Geology:- Pre Cambrian to upper Pleistocene sequence. Tribe:- Apatani.
Climate: Max. Annual rainfall during June (419.50 mm). Min. Annual rainfall during Dec. (5 mm). Max. Temperature – July 31.60C Aug. Min. Temperature – Jan. 1.10C Aug. Humidity – May (Aug. 81.65%). Dec. (Aug. 68%)
Long streams: Pange, Pam, Pamluk, Sipy, Tale, Major drainage, U-Subansiri river ultimately meets to the Brahmaputra river.
Animals: The Sanctuary is very rich in wildlife. It is one of the homes for clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa).
Bamboo: Species of bamboos grow here are 1. Arundinaria spp. 2. Cephalostachyum capitatum 3. Chimonobambusa callosa – Non clump forming 4. Phyllostachys ba
Vertebrates: Indian elephant, Barking deer, Capped langur, David’s role, Easter mole, Flying squirrel, Giant squirrel, Himalayan squirrel, Himalayan black bear, Indian porcupine, Indian pangolin, Jungle cat, Leopard, Leopard cat, Clouded leopard, Malayan giant squirrel, Orange bellied himalayan squirrel, Gizzled giant squirrel, Hoary bellied himalayan squirrel, Palm civet, Wild boar, Slow loris, Tiger, Wild dog, Other, Wild buffalo, Gaur.
Terrain: It falls under the Tale Plateau with plains, valleys and Hills. The plains near sorrow are used for cultivation paddy (10 Kms before the nearest border of Tale Wildlife Sanctuary) as wetlands. Two main valleys (i) The Pange valleys and (ii) The Tale Valley. In generate the hills are with gentle slopes but very high and steep slopes clothes by dense vegetation – the rolling grasslands are abo a special feature of physiography of the area described. The drainage system is through the Subansiri River, which ultimately meets the Bramhaputra in the plains of Assam.
Vegetation: Bio-Geographic classification: Falls under the Boreal Zone of the sub-sone Sino Himalayan of the 3rd East Himalayan biotic province (Rodgers, 1985).
Forest types: Sub-tropical broad leafed, temperate broad leafed and temperate conifer types. 8B/C1 : East Himalayan Sub-tropical forests. 11B/C : East Himalayan wet temperate forests. 11B/C1a : Lauraceac forest. 11B/C1b : Bak Oak forest. 11B/C1C : High level Oak forest. 12B/C3a : East Himalayan mixed coniferous forests. Forest appear very dense and complex in structure. Three tires of dominant trees species, a middle story of smaller trees and ground flora. Epiphytes are also present. 1. Lauraceae - Fagaceac (Litsea – Quercus) 2. Parsea – Laural –Maple association (Quercus – Persea – Acer) 3. Quercus – Acer – Exbucklandia 4. Quercus – Magnolia – Acer 5. Acer – Rhododendron – Magnolia. 6. Acer – Rhododendron – Betuls Bomboo Non clump forming bomboo – Chimanobambusa callosa mbusoides 5. Pheioblastus simonii – Known in India only from this place.
About 16 species of rare and endangered flora has been assessed like: (1) Angioteris evecta (2) Cyathia spinulosa (3) Monotropa uniflora (4)Balanphora dioica (5) Lilium grandiflora (6) Pleioblastus simonii (7) Berberis spp. (8) Clematis apiculata (9) Corybus spp. (10) Goleola falconeri (11) Panax Sikkimensis (12) Schizandre (13) Acer hookeri (14) Acer oblongum (15) Goleola neediflora (16) Cotoneaster species.
of Forests & Environment, Government of Arunachal Pradesh.
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