General: The uncloassified forest areas of Sangalee Forest Division are rich in wildlife and therefore this working circle is constituted to ensure effective protection and conservation of wildlife. This is an overlapping working circle, which is spread over the entire area under this working scheme. The important wild animals found in the forests have been given in the following paras. The division is rich in biodiversity. In the past wild animals were in abundance in the region. But of late with the increase in human population, forests have been put dwindled due to the poaching and customary hunting by local tribals. The important wildlife spp. Found in the forests of the Division are given below:
|Sl. No.||Family||Scientific Name||English Name||Local Assamese Name|
|1||Presbytes entellus||Commob langur||Hollock|
|1||Rhesus macque||Slow Loris||Lazuki Bander|
|2||carbuvires felidas||1||Panthera tigris||Tiger||Bagh|
|carnivores felidas||2||Panthera Pardus||Leopard||Nahar phutuki bagh|
|Felidas||3||Neofelis nebulosa||Clouded leopard||--|
|4||Felish bengalensis||Leopard cat||
|5||Felish chaus||Jungle cat||--|
|b) Dogs||1||Coun alpinus||Wild dog||Ram kukur|
|2||Canis aureus||Jackal||Boudh sial|
|3||Vulpes bengalensis||Indian fox||Sial|
|c) Civets veverridae||1||Veverra zibertha||Large Indian Civet||Hapah|
|Civets veverridae||2||Viverricula indica||Small Indian Civet||Hapah|
|d) Mongoose||1||Herpestes edwardsi||Common mongoose||Neul|
|Harpestidae||2||Herpestes auropunctatus||Small Indian mongoose||
|e) Other musta iidae||1||Lutra lutra||Common otter|
|a) Elephant||Elephasmiximus||Indian elephant||Hati|
|b) Cattle bovidae||Bos frontalis||Mithun||Mithun|
|c) Goats bovidae||Likely to occur at higher altitude|
Cervus unicolor Muntiacmuntjak
Barking deer Musk deer
Segoli pohu Kosturib pohu
|4||Insectivors Order pholidota||
Omnivores a) Bear
b) Boar suidae
Selenarctos thibetanus (Sloth bear is also Likely to be found) Sus scrofa
Himalayan Black Bear Indian wild pig
Rufous tailed hare
b) Various species of rat, mole & shrews c) Squirrels
Among the Squirrels the following are reported from these forests, which belong to order Rhodentia. a) Particoloured frying Squirrel (Hylopetesalbonigar) b) Common giant Squirrel ( Pataurista. pataurista) c) HoarybelliedHimalayan Squirrel (Cellosciuruspygerythrus)
BIRDS: A large number of birds are found in these forests, some of which are rare and endangered.
i) Three varieties of Owls. ii) Partidges. iii) Peacock Pheasant iv) Tragopan v) Water hen vi) Night Jar vii) Different kind of Thrushes viii) Barbets ix) Wood peckers x) Babblers xi) Bluwjoy of Rollar xii) Lapwing xiii) Tragopan xiv) Pintailed Green Pigeon xv) Ashy Wood Pigeon xvi) Spekled Wood Pigeon xvii) Parakeets xviii) Kingfishers xix) Great Indian pied hornbill xx) Wreathed Hornbill xxi) Orioles xxii) Four varities of Drongoes xxiii) Robin xxiv) Wall Creeper xxv) Chlorposis xxvi) Bulbul xxvii) Sun Birds xxviii) Hill Myna xxix) Common myna xxx) Jungle Crow xxxi) Flower peckers xxxii) Wag tails xxxiii) Hoopoe xxxiv) Egret and Herons xxxv) Little cormorant xxxvi) Stroks xxxvii) Bronze winged Jacana xxxviii) Indian Coursers xxxix) Emereld dove xl) Spotted Dove xli) Koel xlii) Coucal xliii) Hawk cockoo or Brain fever bird.
a) Snakes: Large number of species of snakes are found in the Division including both poisonous and non-poisonous. Important snakes found in these forests are mentioned below :-
Poisonous Snake: i) Spectacled Cobras or Common Cobras - Najanajanaja, ii) Monocled Cobra - NajanajaKaoutha, iii) King Cobra- Ophiophagus harm (Sonko chur) iv) Black Krait - Bungarusniger v) Banded Krait - Bungarus fasciatus vi) Pit vipers- Trimeresurus specie vii) Russels viper- Viperaruselli
Non -poisonous snake: i) Indian Python-Python molurus ii)Yellow ballied Forest - Rhabdophis bicelor snake iii) Common Indian black snake - Xenochorphis iv) The Whip snake v) Common Cat snake - Boigatrigonata vi) Checkered keel back - vii) Himalayan keel back - Rhapdophis himalayan viii) Rat snake - Ptyasmucosus ix) Striped keel back - Amphiesmastolate
b) Lizards: Different varieties of Lizards are found "Guisap" (Monitor Lizards) are fruit common, Gharials are also found in the Subansiri River.
Fishes: There are large number of fresh water fish found in the perennial stream, lakes, ponds and rivers.
The objectives of this working circle are -
1. To conserve and preserve natural ecosystem and rich biodiversity of the region.
2. To protect the wildlife and their habitat and create favorable condition conducive. The growth and development of wild flora and fauna.
3. To preserve and protect the rare and endangered wildlife found in these areas and to increase their population through scientific measures.
4. To maintain natural corridors for migration of wild animals.
5. To ensure collection of scientific data in the interest of better and effective management and development of wildlife.
6. To reduce to the maximum possible extent, the incidence of poaching and hunting by local people as customary practices and by organised miscreants for unlawful trading activities.
Allotment of area: The details of area alloted to this working circle are given below :
|Sl.No||Name U.F||Compartment Nos||Area in HA||Remarks|
|1||Shu||1 - 42||8139.00||Comprising whole working scheme area.|
|Pare||1 - 73||81360.00|
Forest Types:The forest under this working scheme are Semi-Evergreen on nature and comprise of large number of tree species, which occur in varying proportions at various localities. The area is located in a zone of high rainfall, the dry season being short and the average humidity is relatively high. The main feature of this forest is the heterogeneous mixture of species a clear description of which is difficult. Structurally this forest can not be clearly differentiated into distinct stories. However at places specially on hills two stories can be identified depending upon species composition. In general the top story is rather open and composed of a mixture of evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous species. Pure patches of bamboo are also common and are scattered all over the forest area. This forest can be grouped in the sub-ground 2B' Northern Tropical Semi Evergreen Forest of Champion and Seth's revised classification of forest types of India and can further be grouped in following forest sub-types.
I. 2B/CI (A): Eastern Sub-Montane Semi Evergreen Forest.
II. 2B/CI/ISR: Sub-Himalayan High Alluvial Semi Evergreen Forest.
III. 2B/2SI : Secondary Moist Bamboo Brakes.
General description of the forest types: As mentioned in above para the Forests found in the working plan area are diverse and consists of a mixture of large number of tree species. However the forests are aptly grouped in following sub-type depending upon species composition and similarity of important characteristics and each sub-grouped is discussed in detail one by one.
I. Assam alluvial plans semi-evergreen forest - 2B/C1 (a): This forest subtype is generally found in higher elevation in the foothills of Shiwalik and outer Himalayas and in major parts of Gutin and Mebo RFs. The forest is more or less having uniform species composition. The trees are tall, elegant and mixture of evergreen and deciduous species with dominance of evergreen species. Middle and lower storeys consists of mainly evergreen species with dense undergrowth. The ground cover is quite thick and diverse. The floristic composition is given below:
Top storey: Hollock (Terminalia Myriocarpa) Jutuli (Altingia excelsa), Amari (amoora wallichii),Borpat(Ailanthus grandis), Gonsoroi (Cinnamomum ceciodaphnae), Sopa (Magnolia spp.)Bogipoma (Chikrasia tablaris), Dhuna (Canarium resiniferum), Bohera (Terminalia belerica), Khokan (Duabanga grandiflora), Hillika (Terminalia chebula), Simul (Bombax ceiba),Udal (Sterculia villosa), etc.
Middle storey: Hinguri (Castanopsis indica), Urium (Bischofia javanica),Moj (Albizia lucida), Jamuk (Syzygium cumunii), Banderdima (Dysoxylum binectiferum), Nahar (Mesua ferrea), Outenga (Dillenia indica), Pichola (Kydia calycina), etc.
Lowers storey: Boramthuri (Talauma hodgsonii), Selling (Sepium baccatum), Poreng (Olea dioica), Morhal (Vatica lancafolia).
Ground cover: Tita tenga (citrus spp.), Kaupat (Phrynium imbricatum), Kologoch (Musa spp.), Bonposola (Sarauja panduana), Bhat (clerodendron infortunatum), Bihlongoni (Pteris guadrisurita), Jeng (Calamus erectus), Ekra (Erianthus revanas), Dhopatia ( Clerodendron viscosum), etc.
Bamboo: Kako bans (Dendrocalamus hamiltonii), and Bojal Bans ( Bambusa pallida)
Cane: Lejaibet (Calamus floribundus), Raidang bet (Calamus flagellum).
Palm: Toko palm (Livistona jenkensii).
Climber: Dhekialata(Stencx;hinapalustre),Ghilalata(Bauhiniavahlii),Gowalialata( Vitis latifolia), Kumarica lata (Dioscorea indica), Kuchai (Acacia pinnata), Panilata(Vitisplanicaulis),Miicania(Mikanaiamicrantha),etc.
II. Sub-Himalayan high alluvial Semi-Evergreen forest - 2B/C1/1S1 : forest subtype is generally found distributed in the outer and eastern side of Gutin RF and parts of Mebo RF. Evergreen species are dominant though deciduous species are also present in significant proportion and the forest is a mixture of both species. Middle storey is prominent and consists of mixture of evergreen and deciduous species with abundant shrubby undergrowth. Floristic composition of this forest is almost same as that of 2B/C1 (a) the important variation being prominence of Jutuli (Altingia excelsa) and Hollock (Terminalia myriocarpa). The floristic composition is given below:
Top Storey: Hollock ( Terminalia myriocarpa), Jutuli (Altingia excelsa), Bonsum (Phoebe goalparensis), Sopa (Magnolia spp.), Hingori (Castanopsis indica), Dhuna (Canarium resiniferum) Poma (Cedrela toona), Mekahi (Phoebe cooperiana), Amari (Amoora wallichii), Bohera (Terminalia belerica), Khokan (Duabanga grandiflora)
Middle storey: Haldisopa( Adina oligocephala), Jamuk (syzygium cuminii), Nahar( Mesua ferrea), Banderdima (Dysoxylum binectiferum), Sam (Artocarpus chaplasha), Pichola (Kydia calycina), Moj (Albazia lucida), Sia Nahar (Kayea assamica), Selleng (Sapium baccatum) etc.
Lower storey: Bual (Bhertia acuminata), Boromthuri (Talauma hodgsonii), Gahari sopa (Magnolia griffithii), Bon am (Mangifera sylvatica), Surat (Laportea cranulata),etc.
Ground flora: Hati bhekuri (solanum subtrucatum), Bonposala (Sarauja punduana), Kaupat (Phrynium imbricatum), Tora (Albina alludhas), Bhat (Clerodendron infortunatum), Kolgoch( Musa spp.), Bogitora(slopina molluccensis).
Bamboo: Kako bans (Dendrocalamus hamiltonii), Bojal bans (Pseudostachyum polymorphum).
Cane: Lejai bet (Calamus floribundus) Raidangbet(Calamus flagellum).
Palm: Toko palm(Livistonia jenkensii), Jeng (Calamus erectus).
Climber: Ghila lata (Bauhinia vahlii), Pani lata (Vitis planicaulis), Kuchai (Acaci a pinnata), Gowlia lata (Vitis latoflolia), Dimorulata (Ficus scandens), Hegumi lata (Tinospora cordifolia), Mermeri lata (Gnetum scandeus), etc.
III. Secondary Moist Bamboo Brakes 2 B/2S1: Secondary Moist Bamboo Brakes occur in scattered patches throughout all the tropical Evergreen forests in the various Reserve Forests of the Division. When bamboo brakes overhead trees, they form thinner clump. Where bamboo patches are pure, the clumps are and there is no possibility of regeneration of any other tree species in these bamboo . At places, shrubby and grassy under growth is found. The bamboo species found in forest are given below :-
A) Kako Bans: Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, B) Bijuli Bans: Bambusa pallida, C) Bojal Bans: Pseudostrachyumpolvmorphum
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