Department of Environment and Forest

GOVERNMENT OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH
GOVERNMENT OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Miao Project Division


FAUNA:- Wildlife and wilderness of the country have been under relentless pressure of hunting, land hunger, demands of Forests and wildlife products and diversion of Forest land to development projects – all arising from the above increasing human & livestock population. These pressures, gathering momentum since the turn of the century, assumed menacing proportions in its later half. Consequent shrinkage and degradation of wilderness have caused many changes in ecosystem & species facing serious depletion. This however, is but an aspect of the over all decline in the extent and health of the forests of the country. The solution to these problems are not simple because conservation measures are constrained by the inevitable sustenance linkages of the forest living communities with wilderness. The decades of 70’s & 80’s have witnessed a growing awareness among people at large and in the Government. The laws governing forest and wildlife conservation have become more stringent and a number of special conservation projects have been directed at important species and ecosystems. The political expendiency of diversion of forest land to agriculture and the erstwhile inrestrainable ‘development imperatives ‘ have been substantially disciplined but the task of undoing the colossal accumulated ravage is daunting and is bound to be embroiled in a protracted, difficult and resource demanding process. The experience gained in conservation emphasizes the essential link between forestry and wildlife conservation. The recent shifting of emphasis from productivity to environment in the forestry sector augure well for wildlife conservation too. After all a large bulk of wildlife habitat lies in the forest outside the network of national parks and sanctuaries. All these forests are potential wildlife habitats. Moreover, all forestry practices influence habitat attributes, one way or the other. The corridor connections between nearby wildlife reserves are particularly significant for the movement of long ranging animals and these again can only be provided by the forests that occupy the interspaces. The fauna of the Division is rich both in variety and number. It includes some species of animals of the Chinese Sub-Region of the Oriental Zoo- Geographical Region, but some elements of the Indian Sub-Region are also represented in this area. This Division receives a large number of the migratory bird species which migrate from the North of the Sino-Himalayan are. Bird fauna is particularly rich. Wild animals were abundant in this Division in the recent past. Sambar, Hoh Deer and Barking Deer were fund in big herbs. Tiger and Panther were also found in plenty due to availability of natural prey in large number. However their number is dwindling day by day due to heavy poaching and unrestricted issue of arm license in the past coupled with destruction of habitat by man for cultivation and settlement. Apart from these, there are large number of Reptiles, Snakes and Lizards equally rich with a number of fish in the rivers of the Division. There are large number of insects, earthworms, scorpions, centipedes and millipedes and brilliantly bright colored butterflies. Identified certain forests areas are only covered by the Working Plan. Therefore, enumeration of the existing fauna has not been possible in a complete manner. Hence only the important species of wildlife are mention below :-

1) Primates :-
         a) Monkeys i) Common langur (Presbytis entellus)
ii) Capped langur ( Presbytis pileatus)
iii) Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
iv) Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis )
v) Slow Loris (Loris tradigradus)
2) Carnivores
        a) Cat i) Panther or Leopard (Panthera pardus)
ii) Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa).
iii) Golden cat (Felis temmincki).
iv) Marbled cat (Felis marmorata).
v) Jungle cat  (Felis chaus).
vi) Fishing cat (Felis viverrina).
vii) Tiger (Panthera tigris)
viii) Leopard (Panthera pardus).
ix) Snow leopard (Panthera uncia).
        b) Dogs i) Jackal (canis aurus).
ii) Indian Fox (Veplesbengalensis).
        c) Civets i) Large Indian Civet (Viverrabibaths).
ii) Common Palm Civet (Pradoxurous).
iii) Masked Palm Civet (Pagumatarvata).
iv) Spotted Linsang   (Prionadon pardicolor)
v) all Indian Civet (viveracula indica).
         d) Mongoose i) Herpestes spp.
         e) Otters i) Common Otter (Lutra lutra).
3) Herbivores    :-
         a)  Elephant i) Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
         b) Cattle i) Wild Baffalo (Bubalus bubalis).
         c) Goats i) Ghoral (nemorheadus goral).


The Birds :- The most important bird of the area is the white winged wood Duck (Cairina aculata). Unfortunately it is one of the endangered birds and it has almost disappeared from the wild .Efforts to locate it in the forest has been a futile exercise only. However, there are few of them in captivity in the Gauhati Zoo of Assam and Mini Zoo of Arunachal Pradesh at Miao where they have been reported to have bred successfully. This bird requires all efforts to protect it from becoming extinct. Other birds in the area are given below:-

1. Bay Owl (Phodilus badius) 2. Scops Owl (Otus spilaeaphalus) 3. Indian scops Owl (Otus scaps) 4. Collared Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoana no pannant) 5. Tawny Fish Owl (Bube flaripas) 6. Collared Pigny Owlet (Glaucidium Cuculoides) 7. Himalayan Barrad Owlet(Glaucidium Cuculoides) 8. Brown Hawk Owl(Minex acutulata) 9. Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) 10. Himalayan Brown Wool Owl(Strixleptogrammica teminok) 11. Feathered Hawk Eagle (Spizzaetus nipalensis) 12. Benellis Hawl Eagle (Hieraetus fascitus) 13. Rufous bellied Hawk Eagle (Lophotriorichs kienerii) 14. Black Eagle (Lotinaetus mapayensis) 15. Rig tailed Eagle(Haliaeetus leucoryphus) 16. Temminek' s Tragopan (Tragopan tenomickii) 17. Peocock Pheasant(Polyplsetron bacalcaratum) 18. White breasted Waterhan(Amaurornis phoeninicutus) 19. Lapwing (Vanallus Vanallus) 20. Redwattled Lapwing (Vaneilusindicus) 21. Spurwinged Lapwing (Vanellus Spinesus) 22. Pintailed Green Pigeon(Treren apicauda) 23. Speckled Wood Pigeon (Columba hadgsonii) 24. Snow Pigeon (Columba pauconta) 25. Ashy Wood Pigeon (columba Pulchriollis) 26. Bartailed Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia unchall) 27. Large Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) 28. Red bossted Parkeet (Psittacula aleandri) 29. Eastern Blossom headed Parakset ((Psittacularossata biswas) 30. Himalayan Slastyhead Parkset (Psittacula himalayan) 31. Eastern Slatyhead Parkset(Psittacula finschii) 32. White throated Spine tail Swift(Chacturacaudacuta) 33. Apline Swift (Apus malba) 34. House Swift (Apus malba) 35. Redrumped Swallow (Hirundo rustica tytleri) 36. Longtailed Nightjhar (Caprimulgus macrurus Mors field) 37.Franklin's Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinismenticola Franklin) 38. Indian Cuckoo(Cuclus micropterus Gould) 39. Cuckoo Cuculus Canorus Linnaeous) 40. Himalayan Cuckoo (Cuculus saturatus Biyth) 41. Small Cuckoo(Cacomantis Sonneratii) 42. Baybanded Cuckoo(Cacomantis Sonneratii) 43. Roller(Coracies banghalansis) 44. Broadbilled Roler(Eurystomus Orientalis) 45. Collared Board hill(Serilophus lunatus) 46. Longlaliled Broadbill(Psarisomus dalhousiae) 47. Chestnutheaded ee-Feather(Manops leschenaulti Visillot) 48. Blue bearded Bee-Feather(Nyctyoris athertoni) 49. Himalayan Bied King Fisher(Ceryle lugubris) 50. Indian Pied King Fisher(Ceryle ruidis) 51. Great Blue Kingfisher(Alcedo hercules laubmann) 52. Blue Gather Kingfisher(Alcedo maninting Horsfield) 53. Threatoad Forest Kingfishers(Cayx erithaus) 54. Indian Ruddy Kingfisher (Halcyo coromands) 55. Whithbreasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) 56. Rufousnasacked Hornbill(Acero nipalensis vulture) 57. Wrethed Hornbil (Rhyticeros undulatus) 58. Great Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) 59. Larger Golden backed Wood Pecker(Chrysocoptes lucidus) 60. Blacknaped Green Wood Pecker(Picus-canus) 61. Crimsonbreasted Pied Wood Pecker(Picoides cathpharius) 62. Lincated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) 63. Blue threated Barbet (Megalaima asistica) 64. Koal (Eudyuamy a scolopacsa) 65. Bronzed Drongo (Dicrus aenaus) 66. Large Brown Thrush(Zoothara monticola) 67. Black Dronge (Dicrurus adsimilis) 68. Dronge Cuckoo(Surniculus lungubris) 69. Grey Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) 70. Hair Crested Drongo(Dicrurus bottentottus) 71. Lesser Racket Tailed Drongo(Dicrurus remifer) 72. Large Racket Tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradisenas) 73. Jungle Crow(Corvus macrirhonchos Wagler) 74. Magpie Robin(Copsychus saularis) 75. Rm Collared Bush Chat (Sezicolo torquata) 76. Blue Chat (Erithacus bruneus) 77. Dark Gray Bush Chat(Seicola ferrea) 78. Black Bulbul(Hypsipetes medagascariensis) 79.Redvanted Bulbul(Pycnonotus cafer) 80. Redwbiskared Bulbul(Pycononotus jocosus) 81. Blackcrested Yellow Bulbul(Pycnonotus malanisterus) 82. Browneared Bulbul(Hypsipates lavalus) 83. Rufousbellied Bulbul(Hypsipates mcclellandi) 84. White broated Bulbul(Crinigar flaveolus) 85. Striated Grean Bulbul(Pycnotus striatus) 86. Black fronted Parrotbill(Paradoxonis nipelensis) 87. Fulyousfrouted Parrotbill(Paradoxonis fulvifrona) 88. Lesser Ref headed Parrotbill (Paradoxonis attrosuparcilliaris) 89. Bircbreasted Flowerpacker (Dicaeum ignipactus) 90. Yellownapal Yuhina (Yuhina flevicollis) 91. Whitebrowed Yuhina(Yuhina flevicollis Yuhina castanicapapa) 92. Slatyheaded Yuhina(Yuhina occipitalis) 93. Blackchinned Yuhina (Yuhina nigrimeuta) 94. Whitenapex Yuhina(Yuhina bakeri) 95. Whitebellied Yuhina(Yuhina zantholsuca) 96. Paradise Flycatchar(Terpsiphone Paradisi) 97. Greyhelled flycatcher(Culicicapa ceylonensis) 98. Blacknaped Monarch Flycatcher(Monarcha azurea) 99. Whitethroated Fantail Flycatchar (Rhipidura albicollia) 100. Pale Blue Flycatcher (Muscicapa unicolor) 101. Verditer Flycatcher (Muscicapa thalassina) 102. Rufouscreasted Blue Flycatcher (Muscicapa byperythra) 103. Redcrasted Flycatcher (Muscicapa Parva) 104. Brook's Flycatcher (Muscicapa Poliogenys) 105. Bluthreated Flycatcher (Muscicapa rubaculoides) 106. Sooty Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica) 107. Little pied Flycatcher (Muscicapa westermanni) 108. Greenbacked Tit (Parus monticolus) 109. Blackspotted Yellow Tit (Parus apolonotus) 110. Redheaded Tit (Aegithalos concinnus) 111. Yellow browed Tit (Sylviparus modestus) 112. Coal Tit (Parus Ster) 113. Brown Crested Tit (Parus dichrous) 114. Rufous froanted Tit (Aegithelas iouschistos) 115. Indian Tree Pipit (Anthus godlowskii) 116. Blyth's Pipit (Anthus godlowskii) 117. Grey Wagtail (Matacilla Caspica) 11 8. Forest Wagtail (Motacilla indica) 119. Large Pied Wagtail (Motacilla madarsspatensis) 120. Hodson's Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba alboides) 121. Radheaded Rossfmch (Propyrrhula subhimechala) 122. Redcreasted Rossfmch(Carpodacus Punicaus) 123. Rosefmch (Carpodacus srythrinus) 124. Pincrowed Rosefubcg (Carpodacus rhodochrous) 125. Blanford's Rosefmch(Carpodacus rubescens) 126. Spotted Munia (Lonchura Punctulata) 127. The Black of King Culture(Torgos Calcus) 128. The Whitecacked or Bengal vulture (Gyps bengaleusis) 129. The Whits Scavenger Culture or Pharaoh's Chicken (Naophron percnopterus) 130. The common Teal (Anss crsacca Linnaeus) 131. The Gargasy or Blue winged Teal(Anas querquedula Linnasus) 132. The Yellowthreated Sqarrow (Petronia abthocelliz) 133. The House Sparrow(Passar domesticus)

The Reptitles :- There is to my best knowledge no Crocodile in the area. Gharial is also not known to occur in the area of the Working Plan. As regards Lizards there are a number of species. Some of them are : i) Luzosoma ii) Luzosoma indicum iii) Luzosoma courcvanumi iv) Gymmodactrylus spp. v) Takydromus Sexlincalus vi) Ilemidactylus brocki vii) Platyurus Platyurus

Monitory Lizard :- i) Indian Monitary Lizard (Varenus bengalanss) ii) Yellow Monitory Lizard (Varnus howascans)

Snakes :- There are also a number of species of snakes, some of them are poisonous. Amongst the poisonous snakes the following deserve Special mention.

i) Common Krait (Bungarus niger), ii) Banded Krait (Bugraus Bugraus), iii) Cobra (Naja naja Monocellates & Bicellate), iv) King Cobra (Naja hannah), v) Slender Coral Snake (Callophismslunurus) vi) Bambo pit Viper(Trineresurus gramresus) vii) Russels Viper (Vipera russelli).

Amongst the non-poisonous snakes are the following :- i) Python (Python molurus) ii) Common Warm snake (Typlina branmina) iii) Green kelback (Macripisthodon Plumbicclor) iv) Yellow Worl Snake (Lycodon jara) v) Striped Keel Back (Anphissma Stolota) vi) Common Word Snakes(Lycodon qulicus) vii) Stripadrocer (Elepha trainurs) viii) Rat Snake (Ptyas mucosus) ix) Green Rat Snake (Zeocys nigromavgninaka)

Fishes :- There are a number of fresh water fishes in the ponds, lakes and perennial streams and rivers. The common fishes available are given below with their scientific and local name.

Common/Local Name Scientific Name
1.             Sheel ghoria Crossocheilus latius
2.             Boka pitha Tort or or Mosal
3.                  Jonga pithia Tor putitira
4.                  Shinei Heteropneous fassilia
5.             Magu   Clarias batrachus
6.             Goroi   Channa sp.
7.             Borali Wekkago athi
8.             Kanduli Notopterus notopterus
9.             Bami    Anguila sp.
10.           Kuri     Labiop gonius
11.           Elang    Rasbora elanga
12.           Kakila Xementodas cancila
13.           Puthi Puntius sp.
14.           Tengra  Meptus singhala
15.           Kaoi Anabus scandeus

Department of Forests & Environment, Government of Arunachal Pradesh.
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